At this age, children are continuing to develop longer attention spans and better memories. They can concentrate well and are able to handle more complicated projects and tasks at school and home. They think in a more complex manner and their curiosity about the world around them will begin to increase.
Five- to six-year-olds are fascinated by how things work and why things are the way they are. They can spend hours playing with the flow of water, taking a clock apart or “testing” the impact of gravity.
Five-year-olds understand more about concepts like space and time. They will also become very good at sorting things according to colour, shape and size.
By the time children are six, they are able to arrange objects from smallest to largest, shortest to longest, and lightest to heaviest. They will also begin to understand that the quantity of an object remains the same even when it is arranged differently.
Six-year-olds show an increased problem-solving ability. They may learn how to add up to 10 without using concrete items and enjoy working on puzzles. They may be taught how to identify simple patterns, measure height and weight, identify coins, count money and read the time on an analog clock.
WHAT YOU CAN DO?
Let your child play with simple household gadgets such as torchlights and figure out how they work! Bring these gadgets outdoors and explore the natural environment with them. Have fun!~ Ms N. Pushpavalli, Principal of Ramakrishna Mission of Sarada Kindergarten
Organise a “shopping spree”. Create your own pretend store at home. In this activity, your child goes beyond assembling the correct amount of change for a specified quantity of money. It also requires her to judge whether or not she has enough money to buy her desired items, teaching her how to budget and at the same time, enhances her awareness of money.
Discuss dollars and cents. Help your child discover various ways to get the same amount of money with different denominations and how to “make change”. Start with the small denominations. These activities will enhance your child’s numeracy skills in counting, adding and subtracting. When your child is more confident with money, you can even bring your child to a shop or supermarket to make a purchase!
Explore the use of thermometers. Explain to your child that a thermometer is used to measure how hot or cold something is. Take two bowls of water, one hot and one cold. Have your child touch the water in the bowl and say whether it is hot or cold, then measure the temperature of the water in each bowl. This will cultivate an interest in Science and experimentation.
Differentiate between living and non-living things. Discuss the characteristics of living things, have your child sort different objects into two piles, those that are living things and those that are not. You could also discuss about objects that were once a part of a living thing, like a fruit, leaves, and paper.