Early Intervention: The early years in a child’s life represent the most critical period of their development. Studies in neuroscience have shown brain growth rate to be at its highest in these early years. Early intervention (EI) taps on this growth potential to help children with developmental needs (DN) gain skills that maximise their capability for independence.
Currently, children under the age of 7 can receive intervention through government funded EI Programmes.
Children who require low levels of EI support may be recommended to take up Development Support (DS) or Learning Support (LS) packages under the DS-LS Programme which aim to provide short-term support for these children within their natural environment, i.e. the preschool setting. Children with minimal or no DN, but require intervention for difficult and challenging behavioural, emotional or psychological issues (e.g. anxiety, depression, trauma, conduct disorder etc.) may also be identified for DS.
Children who require medium to high levels of EI support, such as those with multiple developmental conditions, who would be better supported under the Early Intervention Programme for Infants & Children (EIPIC – EIPIC Under-2s and EIPIC@Centre). The programmes are delivered at EI centres by a team of EI professionals and allied health professionals (AHPs).
Children identified to have made sufficient progress under the EIPIC@Centre programme are recommended to transition to intervention in a preschool can receive the Development Support-Plus (DS-Plus) programme.
Please refer to the individual programme pages for more detailed information on each programme type:
• Development Support and Learning Support Programme (DS-LS)
• Early Intervention Programme for Infants and Children (EIPIC)
• Development Support-Plus (DS-Plus)
Apart from EI programmes, children may also seek medical consultations and interim therapy at KKH Department of Child Development (KKH-DCD) clinics and NUH Child Development Unit (NUH-CDU) clinics, which are under the national Child Development Programme (CDP), funded under Ministry of Health (MOH).
• Enabling Guide by SG EnableExplore the programmes and support available to caregivers/parents of children who require EI support
• Baby BonusFind useful tips and resources on raising children.
• Guidelines (For Professionals) 2021Find useful information and practice guidelines on the range of EI programmes, assessments for developmental needs and transition from EI to school-aged provisions.
Information updated as at July 2021